Creamy Baked Mac and Cheese Recipe


Introduction to Creamy Baked Mac and Cheese

Creamy baked mac and cheese stands as a testament to the evolution of a dish from humble beginnings to a beloved comfort food across the globe. Originally a simple combination of cheese, milk, and pasta, its earliest recorded recipe dates back to the 13th century in southern Italy. Since then, it has traversed continents, undergoing various transformations to become the rich, comforting dish we cherish today. In America, its popularization can be credited to Thomas Jefferson, who, after encountering macaroni in Paris and Italy, served a baked macaroni and cheese at a state dinner in 1802. This creamy, cheesy delight has since become a staple in American households, celebrated for its comforting embrace and versatility. Its enduring popularity lies in its simplicity and the universal love for cheese, making it a go-to dish for both everyday meals and festive occasions.


Key Ingredients Overview

The secret to a spectacular creamy baked mac and cheese lies in the selection of key ingredients. The types of cheese used can dramatically affect both the flavor and texture of the dish. Choosing the right pasta is equally important, as its shape and size can influence how well the sauce coats each piece. Traditional recipes often call for elbow macaroni, but many chefs favor shapes like cavatappi or shells for their sauce-holding capabilities.

The role of milk and cream cannot be overstated; they are the foundation of the sauce, lending it the creamy, velvety texture that defines the dish. Whole milk combined with a splash of cream offers a rich base, but variations like using half-and-half or even non-dairy alternatives can also yield delicious results. The combination of these ingredients, when chosen thoughtfully, contributes to the ultimate comfort food experience that creamy baked mac and cheese is known for.

Cheese Selection for Creaminess and Flavor

The cheeses you choose are the soul of your mac and cheese. Four cheeses come highly recommended for their unique contributions:

  • Swiss Cheese: Adds a mild, nutty flavor that complements the creaminess of the sauce.
  • Comté: Introduces a slightly sweet and nutty profile, enhancing the depth of flavor.
  • Raclette: Known for its excellent melting properties, it contributes to the dish’s gooey texture.
  • Cheddar: Offers a sharp tang that balances the richness of the other cheeses.

For those on a budget or with different taste preferences, there are numerous alternatives. Gouda, mozzarella, and even pepper jack can serve as suitable substitutes or additions, allowing for a customizable cheese blend that caters to various palates and budgets. The art of mixing and matching different cheeses can lead to a plethora of flavor profiles, from subtly nuanced to boldly complex, making each creamy baked mac and cheese dish uniquely satisfying.

Making Creamy Baked Mac and Cheese

Preparation Tips and Techniques

The secret to the ultimate creamy baked mac and cheese lies in mastering a few key techniques:

  • Achieving the Perfect Roux: A roux, made from equal parts flour and fat (usually butter), is critical for a smooth, creamy sauce. Melt the butter over medium heat, then whisk in the flour until the mixture is smooth and golden. Cook for a couple of minutes to remove the raw flour taste, which is crucial for the final flavor. This roux will thicken the milk or cream, forming the base of your cheese sauce.
  • Pasta Preparation Tips: To avoid soggy pasta, cook it until it’s just al dente. This means it should still have a bit of bite to it, as it will continue to cook in the oven. After draining, rinse the pasta with cold water to stop the cooking process immediately. This also removes excess starch, which can make the sauce too thick.
  • Balancing Sauce Richness with Pasta: The ratio of sauce to pasta can make or break your dish. For a truly creamy texture, you’ll want more sauce than you might think necessary. This ensures that the pasta is thoroughly coated and the dish stays moist and creamy during baking.

Recipe with Step-by-Step Instructions

Here’s a detailed recipe to guide you through making a creamy baked mac and cheese with a perfectly crispy top:


  • 1 pound pasta (cavatappi or elbow macaroni recommended)
  • 4 tablespoons unsalted butter
  • 1/4 cup all-purpose flour
  • 3 cups whole milk
  • 1 cup heavy cream
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon black pepper
  • 1/2 teaspoon paprika (optional for a smoky flavor)
  • 4 cups grated cheese (a mix of Swiss, Comté, Raclette, and Cheddar)
  • 1 cup panko breadcrumbs
  • 2 tablespoons melted butter for breadcrumbs


  1. Preheat the Oven: Set your oven to 350°F (175°C) and grease a large baking dish.
  2. Cook the Pasta: Boil the pasta in salted water until al dente, then rinse under cold water and set aside.
  3. Make the Roux: In a large saucepan, melt 4 tablespoons of butter over medium heat. Add the flour and whisk until smooth and golden, cooking for about 2 minutes.
  4. Create the Sauce: Gradually whisk in the milk and cream to the roux, avoiding lumps. Add salt, pepper, and paprika. Stir continuously until the mixture thickens enough to coat the back of a spoon.
  5. Add Cheese: Remove the sauce from heat and stir in the grated cheese until smooth and creamy.
  6. Combine Pasta and Sauce: Mix the cooked pasta into the cheese sauce, ensuring each piece is evenly coated.
  7. Prepare for Baking: Transfer the saucy pasta into the prepared baking dish. Mix the panko breadcrumbs with melted butter, then sprinkle over the top of the pasta.
  8. Bake: Place the dish in the oven and bake for 25-30 minutes, or until the top is golden and crispy.
  9. Serve: Let the mac and cheese cool for a few minutes before serving to allow the sauce to set slightly.

This step-by-step guide ensures a delightful balance between a creamy interior and a crispy breadcrumb topping, creating a comforting dish that’s perfect for any occasion.

Customization and Variations

Creamy baked mac and cheese is a versatile dish that invites a myriad of customizations and variations. To add complexity and depth, consider incorporating meats like crispy bacon, grilled chicken, or even lobster for a luxurious twist. Vegetables can also enrich the dish both in terms of flavor and nutrition; think broccoli florets, sautéed mushrooms, or spinach. Spices and herbs offer another layer of customization—smoked paprika, mustard powder, or fresh thyme can elevate the overall taste profile.

For those with dietary restrictions, there are numerous adjustments available. Gluten-free pasta and flour can be used to cater to gluten sensitivities, while lactose-free milk and cheese alternatives allow lactose-intolerant individuals to enjoy this comfort food. Vegan versions can utilize nutritional yeast and vegan cheese products to mimic the creamy, cheesy texture.


  • How to prevent baked mac and cheese from drying out? To keep your mac and cheese moist and creamy, ensure there’s enough sauce to cover the pasta thoroughly. Baking it covered with foil for the majority of the cooking time helps retain moisture, removing the cover only at the end to crisp the topping.
  • Can you make creamy baked mac and cheese ahead of time? Absolutely! Assemble the dish without the breadcrumb topping and refrigerate. When you’re ready to bake, add the breadcrumb mixture for freshness and bake. This can save time and makes serving a breeze, especially during busy holidays or meal preps.
  • Best cheeses for a meltier, creamier texture? Cheeses known for their melting properties like Gouda, Fontina, and Havarti can contribute to an exceptionally creamy texture. Mozzarella and provolone are also great for adding a stretchy, melt-in-your-mouth quality to your dish. Combining these with a sharp cheese like aged cheddar can introduce a balance of flavor and creaminess.

Creamy Baked Mac and Cheese Recipe

Indulge in the ultimate comfort food with this Creamy Baked Mac and Cheese recipe. Perfectly balanced with a mix of four cheeses for depth and creaminess, and topped with a crispy breadcrumb crust, it's sure to satisfy all your cheesy cravings. This recipe offers variations for meats, vegetables, and dietary restrictions, making it a versatile dish for any occasion.
Prep Time 20 minutes
Cook Time 30 minutes
Total Time 50 minutes
Course Main Course
Cuisine American
Servings 8 servings
Calories 463 kcal


  • Large pot for boiling pasta
  • Medium saucepan for cheese sauce
  • Whisk
  • Large baking dish (9x13 inches)
  • Mixing bowl (for breadcrumb topping)


For the Pasta:

  • 1 pound 450g pasta (cavatappi or elbow macaroni)

For the Cheese Sauce:

  • 4 tablespoons unsalted butter
  • 1/4 cup all-purpose flour
  • 3 cups whole milk
  • 1 cup heavy cream
  • 1 teaspoon salt
  • 1/2 teaspoon black pepper
  • 1/2 teaspoon smoked paprika optional
  • 4 cups mixed grated cheese Swiss, Comté, Raclette, Cheddar

For the Breadcrumb Topping:

  • 1 cup panko breadcrumbs
  • 2 tablespoons melted butter


  • Preheat oven to 350°F (175°C) and grease your baking dish.
  • Boil the pasta until al dente, rinse under cold water, and set aside.
  • In a medium saucepan, melt butter over medium heat. Whisk in flour until smooth, then gradually add milk and cream. Stir until thickened.
  • Off the heat, add salt, pepper, paprika, and grated cheese until melted and smooth.
  • Combine pasta with cheese sauce and transfer to the baking dish.
  • Mix breadcrumbs with melted butter and sprinkle over the pasta.
  • Bake for 25-30 minutes until golden. Let cool before serving.


  • Variations: Feel free to add cooked meats or vegetables into the cheese sauce for added flavor and texture.
  • Dietary Adjustments: For a gluten-free version, use gluten-free pasta and flour. Dairy-free milk and cheese substitutes can be used for lactose intolerance.
  • Storage: Leftovers can be stored in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 3 days and reheated in the oven or microwave.
Keyword Baked Pasta, Cheese, Comfort Food, Creamy Baked Mac and Cheese, Pasta