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French Butter Cookies Recipe


Introduction to French Butter Cookies

French Butter Cookies, known as Sablés in France, have a storied history that dates back to the 17th century in Normandy, a region acclaimed for its exceptional butter. These cookies quickly became a staple in French households due to their simple yet delicious recipe, which allowed them to spread across the country and, eventually, around the world. The name Sablé, which means “sandy” in French, aptly describes the cookie’s crumbly texture that melts in the mouth, a characteristic achieved through the high butter content.


In French cuisine, Sablés hold a place of honor alongside other iconic pastries like croissants and éclairs. They are not just cookies; they are a celebration of simplicity and quality, embodying the French culinary philosophy that great ingredients, treated with respect, create the most memorable dishes. Whether enjoyed with a cup of tea or as a sophisticated dessert, French Butter Cookies are a testament to the timeless elegance of French baking.

The Basics of French Butter Cookies

French Butter Cookies, or Sablés, are distinguished by their rich, buttery flavor and delicate, crumbly texture. Unlike other cookies that might aim for chewiness or softness, Sablés are all about the melt-in-your-mouth experience that comes from their high-fat content. This texture is what sets them apart from other butter cookies, such as the Danish butter cookies, which are often denser and crisper.

The comparison with other butter cookies around the world highlights the unique approach to baking in France. While many cultures have their version of a butter cookie, French Sablés are often less sweet and more focused on showcasing the butter’s flavor. This subtlety allows them to pair wonderfully with a range of accompaniments, from coffee and tea to fine wines, making them a versatile choice for any occasion.

Key Ingredients

The magic of French Butter Cookies lies in their simplicity and the quality of their ingredients:

  • Butter: The cornerstone of Sablés, the choice between salted and unsalted butter can influence the cookie’s final taste. Salted butter adds a subtle complexity, while unsalted butter offers purity and a blank canvas for additional flavors.
  • Flour: The type of flour used can affect the cookie’s texture. Cake flour yields a finer, tender crumb, while all-purpose flour makes for a slightly denser cookie. The key is avoiding self-rising flour, which can alter the desired texture and flavor.
  • Powdered Sugar: Its fine consistency ensures a smooth dough and a delicate sweetness that doesn’t overpower the butter’s richness.
  • Egg Yolks and Vanilla Extract: Egg yolks enrich the dough, contributing to the cookies’ tender crumb, while vanilla extract adds a layer of aromatic depth.

Each ingredient in French Butter Cookies plays a pivotal role, working in harmony to create a cookie that is both simple and sophisticated, embodying the essence of French baking.

Step-by-Step Recipe

Preparing the Dough

The journey to perfect French Butter Cookies begins with the dough. Start by creaming together room temperature butter (whether salted or unsalted, based on your preference) with powdered sugar until the mixture is pale and fluffy. This process introduces air into the dough, contributing to the cookies’ light texture. Next, incorporate a single egg yolk and a teaspoon of vanilla extract, blending until just combined. The egg yolk enriches the dough, adding to the richness of the cookies.

Gradually sift in your choice of flour—cake flour for a finer crumb or all-purpose for a slightly denser texture. Mix until the dough just comes together, being careful not to overwork it, which could lead to tough cookies. The dough should be soft but not sticky, ready to be shaped for chilling.

Shaping and Refrigerating

Divide the dough in half, rolling each piece into a log approximately 1.5 inches in diameter. Wrap each log tightly in plastic wrap. Chill in the refrigerator for at least 1 hour, or until firm. This step is crucial as it solidifies the fat in the dough, making it easier to slice and helping the cookies maintain their shape during baking.

Baking Tips for Perfection

Preheat your oven to 350°F (175°C) and line a baking sheet with parchment paper. Remove the chilled dough from the refrigerator, and slice it into rounds about ¼ inch thick. If desired, you can roll the edges of each cookie in granulated sugar for a sweet, sparkly finish. Arrange the slices on your prepared baking sheet, leaving space between them for slight spreading.

Bake for 12 to 15 minutes, or until the edges are just beginning to turn golden. The key to perfect French Butter Cookies is to watch them closely towards the end of baking time; they can go from perfectly done to overbaked in just a minute. Let the cookies cool on the baking sheet for a few minutes before transferring them to a wire rack to cool completely. This resting period allows them to firm up without becoming too hard.



How long can the dough be prepared in advance?

The dough for French Butter Cookies can be made up to 2 months in advance. Simply wrap the dough logs tightly in plastic wrap and freeze. When you’re ready to bake, let the dough thaw for a few minutes before slicing and baking as directed.

Can the dough be shaped into different forms?

Yes, the dough is quite versatile. After chilling, it can be rolled out and cut into shapes with cookie cutters. Just be sure to adjust the baking time accordingly, as thinner cookies will bake faster.

Tips for achieving the perfect texture

  • Don’t overwork the dough: Mix just until the ingredients are combined to keep the cookies tender.
  • Chill thoroughly: This step is essential for easy slicing and to ensure the cookies hold their shape.
  • Watch the baking time: Remove the cookies from the oven when they’re just set and lightly golden around the edges for that perfect Sablé texture.

Advanced Tips and Techniques

Adjusting the Recipe for Different Flavors

French Butter Cookies are a versatile canvas for a variety of flavors. For a citrusy twist, add the zest of one lemon or orange to the dough. For a nuttier flavor, incorporate finely ground almonds or hazelnuts. Spices such as cinnamon, nutmeg, or cardamom can be added for warmth and complexity. Experimenting with extracts like almond or rose can also introduce delightful new dimensions to the classic recipe.

Decoration and Presentation Ideas

For an elegant finish, dip half of each baked cookie into melted chocolate—dark, milk, or white—and allow to set on parchment paper. Sprinkling finely chopped nuts or colorful sprinkles on the chocolate before it sets adds texture and visual appeal. For festive occasions, use cookie cutters in shapes relevant to the event, and decorate with royal icing or edible gold leaf for a touch of sophistication.

Health and Nutrition Information

A single French Butter Cookie typically contains about 100-120 calories, with 5-7 grams of fat, 10-15 grams of carbohydrates, and 1-2 grams of protein. While they are a source of energy, moderation is key due to their sugar and saturated fat content. Opting for whole wheat flour or adding nuts can introduce more fiber and nutrients, making them a slightly healthier option.

Pairing and Serving Suggestions

French Butter Cookies pair beautifully with a range of beverages. A classic French café au lait or a delicate tea, such as Earl Grey or chamomile, complements their buttery richness. For a more indulgent experience, serve with a glass of dessert wine like Sauternes or a sparkling Champagne. These cookies make excellent gifts when packaged in a decorative tin or box, ideal for holidays, weddings, or as a thoughtful hostess gift. Their elegance and simplicity also make them perfect for afternoon tea, brunch gatherings, or as a refined dessert at dinner parties.

French Butter Cookies Recipe

This classic French Butter Cookies recipe, also known as Sablés, offers a delightful taste of France with its rich, buttery flavor and melt-in-your-mouth texture. Perfect for any occasion, these cookies are simple to make yet sophisticated enough to impress your guests. Whether you're a seasoned baker or new to the kitchen, this recipe will guide you through creating the perfect batch of French Butter Cookies.
Prep Time 20 minutes
Cook Time 15 minutes
Chill Time: 1 hour
Total Time 1 hour 35 minutes
Course Dessert
Cuisine French
Servings 20 cookies
Calories 120 kcal


  • Mixing bowl
  • Spatula
  • Baking sheet
  • Parchment paper
  • Plastic wrap


  • ½ cup 115g butter, softened (either salted or unsalted)
  • ½ cup 60g powdered sugar, sifted
  • 1 egg yolk room temperature
  • ½ teaspoon vanilla extract
  • 1 ⅛ cups 140g all-purpose flour (or cake flour for a finer texture)
  • ¼ cup 50g granulated sugar, for coating (optional)


  • Prepare the Dough: In a mixing bowl, cream together the butter and powdered sugar until light and fluffy. Add the egg yolk and vanilla extract, mixing until just combined. Gradually sift in the flour, mixing until a soft dough forms.
  • Shape and Chill: Divide the dough in half, rolling each piece into a log about 1.5 inches in diameter. Wrap each log in plastic wrap and refrigerate for at least 1 hour, until firm.
  • Preheat and Prepare: Preheat your oven to 350°F (175°C) and line a baking sheet with parchment paper.
  • Slice and Bake: Slice the chilled dough into ¼ inch thick rounds. If desired, roll the edges of each slice in granulated sugar. Place on the prepared baking sheet and bake for 12-15 minutes, or until lightly golden around the edges.
  • Cool: Allow the cookies to cool on the baking sheet for a few minutes before transferring to a wire rack to cool completely.


  • Flavor Variations: Feel free to add lemon zest, ground nuts, or spices to the dough for different flavors.
  • Decoration: For a decorative touch, dip half of each cooled cookie into melted chocolate and sprinkle with nuts or sprinkles if desired.
  • Storing: Store in an airtight container at room temperature for up to 5 days, or freeze for longer storage.
  • Gift Idea: These cookies make a wonderful gift when packaged in a decorative tin or box.
Keyword Baking, Dessert, French Butter Cookies, French Cuisine, Sablés